Chapter 5: Financial Close and Reporting

What’s Inside

This is one part of a series designed to help organizations identify risks and improve internal controls over financial reporting. Click here to access the rest of the series, including a set of five downloadable tools organizations can use to help assess their own controls.

Chapter 5, Financial Close and Reporting, describes the processes, risks and recommended controls required to maintain complete and accurate financial documentation.

Key Points

Financial Close and Reporting includes the processes required to produce complete and accurate financial documentation, including regulatory filings. Key processes include:

  • General accounting close
  • Financial statement preparation
  • Disclosures and notes, if any
  • Regulatory reporting, where applicable

Chapter 5 includes an overview of these financial reporting functions, descriptions of processes and subprocesses, descriptions of internal controls that organizations can leverage to manage risks, and a table describing key risks and controls for each process and subprocess.

In addition, this chapter includes a downloadable, customizable risk–control matrix with a detailed list of risk considerations by process, with suggested controls to address each one.

Why It Matters

Whatever the size or complexity of your organization, implementing the right controls over sales to collection processes lays the foundation for a well-controlled financial reporting environment. This guide gives you tools to begin assessing and improving your own organization’s controls


Jody Allred

Jody Allred

Partner-in-Charge, Manufacturing, Distribution and Retail Services


Jody Allred, CPA, CISA, CGMA, has more than 20 years of experience in public accounting, a deep background in both…

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